MSHA members in action.

MSHA Board

About MSHA

MSHA was founded in 1957 and incorporated as a non-profit organization in 1987. It is a member owned and managed volunteer organization with an Executive Board, nine Standing Committees and 11 Ad Hoc Committees.

Our mission is to provide educational and networking opportunities for our members; advocate for those with communication disabilities and the issues related to our professions; and educate the public about communication disorders.

We are striving to be the leading resource for professional and consumer around issues of communication and communication disabilities in Montana.

For licensure questions please contact Lucy Richards at the state licensure board, 406-841-2394.

Information from the government of Montana on Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists.

Meet the MSHA Board

Lezlie Pearce-Hopper, President

Lezlie grew up in Great Falls, MT. She attended Montana State for two years and then moved to Portland, OR to complete her undergrad and graduate degrees.  Lezlie has worked in many settings over her 38 years of professional life in three states.  She is currently licensed in Montana and Oregon. Work settings included: hospitals, early intervention, clinics, schools, rehab facilities, university graduate programs, university clinics, contract services and private practice. Lezlie retired from the University of Oregon CDS program in 2015 following 7 years as a Clinical Instructor and Supervisor.
Lezlie served in all positions of OSHA’s board (Secretary, Public Relations Chair, 2nd Vice President (Conference Coordinator of two yearly conferences), Newsletter Editor and President in 1994 and 2001. She served on the OR Licensing Board for nine years, and ASHA Legislative counsel for 7 years. Lezlie worked to pass legislation for continuing education and speech/language pathology assistants in OR and participated in the writing of rules and regulations for the OR Licensing Board following passage of the legislation. She also served as Time and Place Chair and Secretary for the Council of State Association Presidents (CSAP).
Lezlie also volunteered in her communities as Junior League President in Eugene, Booster Fund Raiser and Classroom volunteer, Coordinator of Children’s Miracle Network High School Pageants, 25 years as Team Manager and Appraiser for Odyssey of the Mind and Destination Imagination Creative Problem Solving, Neighborhood Watch Chair and as a member of the Arts Umbrella Board in Eugene.  Lezlie has taught piano for 35 years and enjoys fly fishing and time at their cabin on the Smith River in Montana.
Lezlie and her husband, Warren, returned to Montana full time during the summer of 2015. Their son and daughter live out of state and each hold law and additional degrees. Lezlie’s parents are still in their home in Great Falls which she visits frequently and she is resuming part time private practice this fall.

Kathleen DeLapp-Cohn, President-Elect

Kathleen finally made her way to God’s country in the Fall of 2010!  Prior to moving to Montana, Kathleen worked and lived in Texas and Oklahoma, and had the opportunity to gain vast experiences in a variety of settings including hospitals, brain injury rehab centers, home health, SNFs, private practice, schools, and even treating adolescents in a juvenile detention center.  Shortly after moving to Montana, Kathleen joined St. Vincent Healthcare as the lead Speech-Language Pathologist in the Headway Program and later per diem with St. John’s Lutheran Ministries. This past year, she decreased her work status to per diem status at both settings to focus on her private practice treating adults and adolescents with neurogenic and voice disorders via telepractice.  Kathleen is the proud mother of two Montana Grizzlies, one Texas Longhorn, and one still at home! She enjoys biking, hiking and exploring Montana with her family and all it has to offer!

Catherine Drescher, Past-President

Catherine Drescher, Au.D. graduated from the University of Louisville with her doctorate in 2004. She spent the next eight years in Alabama working in various settings including small ENT practices, a speech and hearing clinic and a large teaching hospital. Catherine relocated to Montana in December of 2012 and assumed the role of Director of Hearing and Balance for Rocky Mountain ENT. Her specialties include the evaluation and treatment of tinnitus, cochlear implants and diagnostics.

Sharlene Schmidt, Treasurer

Sharlene Schmidt has been a member of MSHA since she arrived in Montana in June 1999.  She loves being an audiologist in this rural area working with a variety of clients in and out of the office.  She works part-time as an audiologist so she can still find time to enjoy the pleasures of raising her three kids and spending time with her husband.  She is a strong believer in giving back to organizations that make a difference and so she is also on the local hockey board in Glasgow.  In her spare time she loves reading, watching movies, scrapbooking, playing racquetball, hockey, bowling and kayaking.  This is her sixth year as treasurer on this board.


Shelby Midboe, Secretary

Shelby Midboe is a 2013 graduate of the CSD program of The University of Montana, a member of the self-named the “BCE” (Best Cohort Ever).  She is in her fourth year as the SLP at Target Range School District in Missoula, and works PRN for Innovative Rehabilitation in SNFs in the summer. She is glad to have the opportunity to practice with clients across the lifespan. She is currently the chair of the MSHA Scholarship committee, and is a member of a group of school SLPs who are writing OPI guidelines for school speech therapists.  In her “spare time,” she can be seen on deck coaching swimming for the Missoula YMCA swim team, or taking portraits, a professional hobby. She enjoys river recreation, camping, and cross country skiing as often as possible. She is married and has a son who is a freshman in high school, and a daughter who is a freshman at the University of Montana.

Emily Stafslien, Speech Language Pathology Member at Large

Emily Stafslien is a graduate of the University of Wiconsin-Madison and started her career working in a sub-acute brain injury center in Juneau, WI. After marrying her husband, she moved to Montana in 2014. Currently, she is living in Lewistown. She works as a speech language pathologist at a variety of schools in Central Montana with the Central Montana Learning Resource Center Cooperative (CMLRCC) and per diem with Central Montana Medical Center (CMMC).This year she has started using Telepractice with students in outlying districts as well as assisting with the website and Facebook for MSHA. Montana has created many opportunities for her to continue her love of learning as she was trained in assessments for Autism with the ADOS-2 as well as treatments with Aquatic-Based Speech Therapy, PECS, Zones of Regulation, and many more.  Since moving to Montana, she has supervised students from the University of Montana CSD Master’s program as well as mentor new SLPs during their Clinical Fellowship Year. She enjoys exploring the great outdoors by running on country roads, hiking in the mountains, and fishing on Fort Peck with her husband and dog, Maggie.

Kristy Foss, Audiology Member at Large

Kristy Foss has been an audiologist at Billings Clinic (in Billings) for nearly 30 years. She graduated from the “original” CSD program at the University of Montana and, other than a short stint in Nebraska, has lived and worked in Montana since then. Hearing aids are Kristy’s greatest interest in this field. Helping families coordinate care for their hearing impaired child is also a strong interest. Outside of work Kristy likes to spend time with her family and her hard of hearing chocolate lab Scooby. Kristy has served on the MSHA board in the past and is happy to be a member once again. MSHA provides an excellent opportunity to keep track of old friends and make new ones – the networking is awesome!

Julie Wolter, U of M CSD Department Chair

Julie A. Wolter, PhD, CCC-SLP is the Department Chair and Professor in the
Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders (CSD) at the University of
Montana (UM) where she also directs the Language Literacy Essentials in
Academic Development (LLEAD) Lab. Dr. Wolter is originally from Billings and left
Montana more than 20 years ago to study at Western Washington University to
become a speech-language pathologist (SLP) -as there was no Montana training
program at the time. Dr. Wolter practiced as an SLP in the schools and hospitals in the Northwest before returning to school to complete her PhD in Kansas. Upon completion of her PhD, she served for 10 years on faculty, including service as Chair of the SLP Division, in the Department of Communicative Disorders and Deaf Education at Utah State University. She returned to Montana in 2015, to lead and collaborate with the re-established CSD Department at UM. Dr. Wolter is committed to addressing the critical SLP shortage needs of the state and has a successful track record of increasing rural student graduate training access. She recently was funded by the Montana Office of Public
Instruction and the United States Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Program to fund UM-
OUTREACH which funds SLP graduate training and clinical service distance broadcast opportunities for students
in rural areas including that of American Indians in Montana tribal regions. Dr. Wolter is an internationally recognized researcher who studies how specific language skills affect literacy success in children with and without language literacy disorders. Dr. Wolter served as Associate Editor for the journals of American Journal of Speech, Language Pathology and Topics of Language Disorders. She has authored multiple clinical and research
papers, presented at state, national, and international levels, and has published in a variety of venues such as
peer-reviewed journals and edited books. Dr. Wolter’s current research is supported through the National of
Health where she is studying how to help assess and treat school-age children with language impairment who
also struggle with reading and writing disorders such as dyslexia.

Carlee Johnson, CSD Student Representative

My name is Carlee Johnson, and I am a junior in the Communicative Sciences and Disorders program at the University of Montana. I am from Butte, MT, and I developed a love for Speech Pathology when I volunteered at a local clinic in high school. I function as the MSHA representative from UM, and I am also the treasurer of the local Operation Smile chapter. I enjoy being involved with with the CSD department, and my favorite class this semester is MOSAIC (Mentoring, Organization, and Social Support for Autism Inclusion on Campus).

Jessica Reynolds, Political Action Chair 

Jessica Reynolds is a school-based SLP currently practicing in her home town of Helena, MT. She graduated from The University of Montana in 2007 with a B.A. in Political Science and received a M.A. in Communication Studies from Texas Tech University in 2010. After leaving  politics, Jessica completed post-baccalaureate studies in Communicative Sciences and Disorders in 2012. She received a M.S. in Speech Language Pathology from the University of Montana in 2014. Since then, Jessica has worked for Helena School District. She has served as the MSHA Political Action chair since 2014 and is Currently representing Montana SLPs on the ASHA Advisory Council.




Original adoption date: February 2, 1957

Amended: May 12, 1962; January 1, 1973; December 15, 1976; April 15, 1978; April 6, 1979; May 31, 1979; January 3, 1981; May 9, 1983; December 30, 1983; April 15, 1987; January 28, 1989; January 30, 1991, February 3, 1994, April 5, 1997, April 12, 2002, October 16, 2009, October 21, 2011, October 19, 2017


Section 1 – Name:  The name of the organization shall be the Montana Speech-Language and Hearing Association, Inc. (the “Association”). The moniker of the Association shall be “MSHA”.  MSHA shall be a nonprofit organization incorporated in the State of Montana.

Section 2 – Purpose:  The purpose of MSHA shall be to:

  1. Promote the study of human communication, consistent with the scope of practice outlined by credentialing associations which may include the American Academy of Audiology (AAA) and/or the American speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), and increase interest in the investigation, prevention, and treatment of communication and swallowing disorders.
  2. Facilitate the exchange of information among members of the association to improve clinical services by enhancing and maintaining the highest level of knowledge and skills.
  3. To increase professional cooperation with other specialized education and allied health professionals.
  4. Advocate for the rights of individuals with communication disorders.
  5. Foster the adoption and practice of ethical principles in the professions involved with communication disorders.


Section 1 – Non-Discrimination: MSHA shall not discriminate on the basis of race national origin, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, handicapping condition, gender, or gender identification.  All programs and activities of the Association shall be conducted furtherance of this policy.

Section 2 – Categories of Membership: The following categories of membership shall be defined – Regular Member, Subscriber, Life Member and Student Member.  Regular Members and Life Members shall comprise the voting body of MSHA.  The right to hold office shall be limited to voting members, with the exception of the student representative on the Board of Directors.

  1. Regular Member – See Section 3 (below) for the description of a Regular Member.
  2. Subscriber –
    1. A subscriber may be any person or group interested in MSHA and its goals and   Subscriber members may not vote.
    2. Subscribers shall receive publications and announcements from MSHA.
    3. Subscribers shall pay an annual subscription fee, the amount of which is determined by the Board of Directors.
    4. Persons who do not meet the requirements for either Regular (active) membership or Student membership, but who wish to be included in the mailings and announcements of MSHA may be eligible for Subscriber status.
  3. Student Member –
    1. A Student Member must be a registered full-time student in a speech-language pathology, audiology, education of the deaf and hard of hearing, or an SLP-A program.
    2. Student Members shall receive reduced convention rates.
    3. Student Members shall receive publications and announcements from MSHA.
    4. Student Members shall pay annual dues at a reduced rate to be determined by the Board of Directors.
  4. Life Members –
    1. Any member who has held membership in MSHA for ten (10) continuous years and who has attained the age of sixty-two years (62) shall be awarded Life Membership.
    2. Life Members shall enjoy all privileges of Regular Membership.
    3. Life Members shall pay annual dues of $10.00 to cover administrative services.
  5. Sustainer Members –
    1. Any member who has achieved full retirement and is no longer employed in a professional capacity shall be eligible for Sustainer Membership.
    2. Sustainer Members shall enjoy all privileges of Regular Membership.
    3. Sustainer Members shall pay a one-time fee of $125.

Section 3 – Eligibility

  1. The minimum academic requirement for voting membership shall be a graduate degree with major emphasis in speech-language pathology or audiology, or a graduate degree and present evidence of active research, interest, and performance in the field of human communication. This requirement may be waived in special instances by recommendation of the Membership Committee and a majority vote by Board of Directors.
  2. Members must agree to abide by the Code of Ethics established by the American Speech- Language-Hearing Association.  See MSHA website for latest version.

Section 4 – Application for Membership

  1. Candidates for membership shall submit their applications to the Chair of the Membership Committee.
  2. Any applicant rejected for membership may appeal to the Board of Directors for review of his or her application. Such appeal must be initiated within 90 days after notification of rejection.  Decision on the appeal will be made by the Board of Directors after consultation with the Membership Committee.

Section 5 – Termination of Membership:  Any member who violates the Code of Ethics of MSHA may be removed from membership by a three-fourths vote of the Board of Directors.  Persons who have thus been removed may, upon recommendation of the Ethical Practices Committee, be reinstated after one year by a two-thirds vote of the Board of Directors.


Section 1 – Board of Directors

  1. The governing body of this Association shall be the Board of Directors, composed of up to seventeen (17) voting positions.
  2. The Executive Committee (voting members) shall include the President, President-Elect, Immediate Past President, Secretary, Treasurer, two elected members at large – one being the current President of the Montana Audiology Guild, one a speech language pathologist, University Representative, Student Representative, five Regional Representatives, the Chair of the Political Action Committee, and Chair of the Scholarship Committee.
  3. If a voting member of the Executive Committee member named above holds multiple positions (e.g., Treasurer and Chair of Scholarship Committee), then a member of the Committee chaired by the voting member shall be eligible to vote in place of the Committee Chair.
  4. Non-voting members of the Executive Committee shall include all other Committee Chairs.
  5. Board members must have completed one full calendar year of active membership in MSHA prior to the beginning of the term to which they are being nominated.
  6. Only members who have had prior experience serving as a member of the Executive Committee or as a Committee Chair, as an affiliate, and/or as an ASHA Liaison for at least two years is eligible for nomination as President-Elect.
  7. No member of the Board of Directors shall be personally liable to this Association or to any member of this Association for breach of any duties performed on behalf of the Association or its members providing however, that this provision does not relieve a Board Member of liability based upon acts not performed in good faith or acts which involve a knowing violation of law, or if such act or acts result in receipt by the Board Member of an improper personal benefit.

Section 2 – Responsibilities

The duties of the Board of Directors as a whole, the individual offices and all committees may be found in the Policies and Procedures Manual of the Association.

Section 3 – Election of Officers

  1. The Nominations Committee (chaired by the Immediate Past President) will prepare a slate of nominees.
  2. The proposed slate will be announced to the general membership via MSHA newsletter, website, and/or general mailing in advance of the Association’s fall business meeting.
  3. Members may submit the names of additional nominees to the Chair of the Nominations Committee in advance of the fall business meeting. This may also be done in person at the fall business meeting.  Nominations from the floor will be accepted with the consent of the nominee.
  4. The nominating member and/or any nominees from the floor shall provide biographical and professional data for the nominees.
  5. Once the pool of nominees has been finalized, the slate of officers shall be approved by a simple majority of those voting at the fall business meeting.

Section 4 – Vacancies:

  1. In the event of a vacancy in the office of President, the President-Elect shall automatically

become President for the remainder of that term and the term for which elected.

  1. In the event of a vacancy in the office of President-Elect, the Board of Directors shall appoint a

member of the Association to serve out the remainder of the President-Elect’s term.  At the

next fall business meeting, a new President and President-Elect shall be elected as separate


  1. In the event of a vacancy in the office of Immediate Past President, the last former President

willing to serve shall complete the unexpired portion of the term.

Section 5 – Terms of Office:  The following terms of office shall apply to all members of the Board of Directors:

  1. President: One year
  2. President-Elect: One year (at the expiration of his/her term as President-Elect, he/she becomes President)
  3. Past-President: One Year
  4. Secretary: Two years (to be elected in alternate year from Treasurer)
  5. Treasurer: Two years (to be elected in alternate year from Secretary)
  6. At Large Members: One Year
  7. University Representative: One Year
  8. Student Representative: One Year
  9. Regional Representatives: Two Years


Section 1 – Standing Committees:  The Association shall have the following established and standing committees: Convention Program Committee, Political Action Committee, Membership and Publications Committee, Honors Committee, Continuing Education Committee, Scholarship Committee, Public Relations Committee, Marketing Committee, Nominations Committee and Ethics & Licensure Committee.

Section 2 – Ad Hoc Committees:  Ad Hoc Committees shall be established by the Board of Directors as the need arises.  The Board of Directors will draw up the specific goals and responsibilities of the committee(s). These goals will be published in the Policy and Procedures manual.  Ad Hoc committees will be considered dissolved at the discretion of the Board of Directors.

Section 3 – Committee Appointments and Duties:

  1. Convention Program Committee – This committee shall be co-chaired by two MSHA members selected by the Board of Directors. The term of each co-chair shall be two years. The Convention Program Committee shall be responsible for planning the annual convention for the Association.
  2. Political Action Committee – This committee shall consist of at least one speech/language pathologist and one audiologist appointed by the President. The term shall be four years. During the last year of a member’s term, a new committee member will be chosen and oriented by existing members. The Political Action Committee shall study and evaluate all regulations, legislation, and recommendations which might affect the speech and hearing profession or program and help prepare and support such regulations and recommendations as will be beneficial to the profession.  This Committee shall also secure the services of a lobbyist (with Board approval) and act as liaison between the lobbyist and the Board of Directors.
  3. Membership and Publications Committee – This committee shall consist of Area Representatives with the Treasurer as chair. In conjunction with Administrative Assistant (if one has been employed by the Association), the Membership and Publications Committee shall process all applications for membership and exercise general supervision over matters related to membership, subject to reversal if necessary by majority vote of the Executive Committee.  The committee shall also compile, edit and distribute the MSHA Communicator and MSHA Directory and other assigned official publications.
  4. Honors Committee – The committee shall consist of members with the At Large member acting as chair. The Honors Committee shall receive and review recommendations for and to select persons to receive the honors of the Association.  The committee shall also confer awards to recipients at MSHA Annual Business luncheon.
  5. Continuing Education Committee – This committee shall consist of members with a chair appointed by the President. The committee shall administer MSHA’s sponsorship of continuing education programs.
  6. Scholarship Committee – This committee shall consist of members with the Secretary as chair. The committee shall develop/review the scholarship application form to ensure it aligns with the values of the Association and make changes as needed; post the application form on the Association website (in conjunction with the webmaster); receive and review scholarship applications; establish and review scoring rubric; tally scores and name scholarship recipient breaking a tie if need be; report name of winner to the Executive Board and then to the membership at the annual fall convention.
  7. Marketing Committee -This committee shall consist of members with the chair appointed by the President. The committee shall raise public awareness of the profession by promoting speech/language pathologists and audiologists as the field experts in the areas of communication disorders; develop and disseminate information about communication problems to the public and other professional organizations through activities such as Better Speech and Hearing Month, professional brochures, etc.  The focus for this committee shall be promoting the Association brand.
  8. Public Relations Committee – This committee shall consist of members with the chair appointed by the President. The committee shall be responsible for “internal” marketing within the Association, including developing, obtaining and distributing Association branded items to be available for sale to members and/or used as awards, prizes or other give-aways.
  9. Nominations Committee -This committee shall consist of members with the Past President as chair. The committee shall solicit nominations from the membership for each available office and each expiring Board membership.
  10. Ethics & Licensure Committee – This committee shall consist of members with the President-Elect as chair. It is considered by Licensure Board as conflict of interest for member of the SLP/A licensure board to serve as chair.  The committee shall serve as liaison between the Speech Language Pathology and Audiology licensure board and membership of the Association.  The committee shall also present future amendments to the Code of Ethics to the general membership for majority approval by written ballot; process alleged violations of the Code of Ethics according to the Ethical Practice Committee Statement of Practices and Procedures; and publish the Code of Ethics along with procedures for processing alleged violations in the Directory of Montana Speech Pathologists and Audiologists.

Section 4 – General Duties of the Committees:

  1. It shall be the duty of each committee chair to prepare a short written report of the work of the committee at the close of the term of office and to submit it to the Board of Directors, which shall make it available to the next committee chair.
  2. A handbook of correspondence and deliberations of the committee shall be given to the newly-appointed committee chair. It should provide background and documentation for the use of the new committee members.


Special interest groups may be set up as a part of the Association by making a written petition to the Board of Directors for approval.  The petition should contain specific reasons for the establishment of the group and the goals that the group wishes to attain.


Section 1 – Amount of Dues:

  1. The Association shall be supported by dues assessed to the membership on an annual basis.
  2. Any change in annual dues for the voting membership shall be approved by a majority of the MSHA Board of Directors.  Announcement of such a proposed vote must be made to the membership via Association newsletter, Association website, and/or general mailing 30 days prior to any change to obtain general membership feedback.
  3. The amount for each membership category will be established on recommendation of Board of Directors and by majority of those members voting.

Section 2 – Payment of Dues:

  1. Membership dues shall be payable annually by a date determined by the Board of Directors.
  2. Payment shall be made to the Association prior to deadline set by the Board of Directors.
  3. A late fee, as established by the Board of Directors, will be assessed for payment received after the deadline.

Section 3 – Membership Year:  The membership year shall be November 1 to October 31.


Section 1 – General:  On all matters of procedure not specifically indicated in these Bylaws, the official authority shall be Robert’s Rules of Order, revised, latest edition and shall include rules of order regarding electronic/virtual meetings and voting.

Section 2 – Electronic Meetings:

  1. Regardless of technology used, (Facetime, Skype, conference call, etc.) the opportunity for simultaneous aural communication is essential to the deliberative character of the meeting. Therefore, a group that attempts to conduct a deliberative process in writing (such as by postal mail, e-mail, “chat rooms” or fax does not constitute a deliberative assembly.)
  2. Committees established by the bylaws, may be authorized to hold electronic meetings with the following provisions:
    1. Members who are not present in person have the right to participate by electronic means. The notice of an electronic meeting must include an adequate description of how to participate in it.
    2. Technologies such as Skype or Facetime would be required for participation in meetings by both parties.
  • Moderator of session will be responsible for recognition of person utilizing electronic means and allow them to obtain the floor.
  1. Motions must be submitted in writing during a meeting and technology.
  2. Participant would participate in an oral vote and be counted as part of a quorum.
  3. Voting by email is permissible only if there has been provision for deliberation and the governing documents of the governing body provide for vote by mail or email.


Section 1 – Review of the Bylaws:

  1. Review of these Bylaws shall be accomplished by an ad hoc Bylaws Committee, convened periodically by the President of the Association.
  2. The Bylaws Committee shall review the current Bylaws and present any proposed amendments to the Board of Directors for approval as a draft that will be submitted to the

Section 2 – Proposals for Amendments:

  1. Proposals for amendments shall be submitted to the Bylaws Committee for formulation.
  2. Proposals for amendments must be approved by the Board of Directors before they are submitted to the membership.

Section 3 – Approval of Amendments:

  1. These Bylaws may be amended by a two-thirds vote of voting members responding during a general membership meeting, a web-based voting system, or general mailing ballot.
  2. A draft version of the amended Bylaws shall be provided to the voting membership at least 30 days prior to the intended vote on the proposed changes to the Bylaws.
  3. Members shall be notified of the proposed changes via the Association’s newsletter.
  4. The draft version of the Bylaws shall be available for review on the Association’s website.
  5. Members may request a paper copy of the draft version from the Association office.


Section 1 – Number:  At least one Association meeting shall be held each year to conduct the business of the Association and to conduct other activities as may be appropriate.  All members shall be notified of this meeting.

Section 2 – Quorum:  Quorum shall consist of one-third (1/3) of the active membership.


Although the Board is the duly constituted body charged with making policy and conducting business, the membership shall reserve the power to direct or limit Board action processes of initiative and referendum.

Section 1 – Initiative:

  1. Any voting member may initiate the consideration of any item of business by the membership by presenting a motion from the floor at any business meeting of that body or by presenting a resolution in writing to the President at least two weeks in advance of any Association business. The consideration of such a resolution shall be subject to accepted rules of parliamentary procedure.
  2. Any two voting members of the Association may initiate the consideration of any item of business by the Board by presenting a resolution in writing to the President at least two weeks prior to the meeting of that body.  Any such resolution must appear on the agenda of the next meeting of the Board.

Section 2 – Referendum: Voting members may request the reconsideration of any action taken by the Board or the membership through the presentation in writing to the President of the resolution to reconsider, provided that the resolution is signed by twenty-five (25) or more voting members of the Association.  Any referendum must appear on the agenda of the next Association business meeting.


Upon dissolution of the Association, the Board of Directors shall:

  1. Pay or make provisions to pay all outstanding liabilities of the Association
  2. Dispose of the assets of the Association
    1. This may be accomplished by donating funds or assets to any 501(c)(3) organization (as classified by the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 or the corresponding provision of future United States Internal Revenue Law) operating exclusively for charitable, educational or scientific purposes.

Code of Ethics


Adopted January 28, 1989
Amended April 12,2002

Preamble: The preservation of the highest standards of integrity and ethical principles is vital to the successful discharge of the professional responsibilities of all speech-language pathologists and audiologists. This Code of Ethics has been promulgated by the Association in an effort to stress the fundamental rules considered essential to this basic purpose. Any action that is in violation of the spirit and purpose of this Code shall be considered unethical. Failure specify any particular responsibility or practice in this Code of Ethics should not be construed as denial of the existence of other responsibilities or practices.  The fundamental rules of ethical conduct are described in three categories: Principles of Ethics, Ethical proscriptions, Matters of Professional Propriety.

  1. Principals of Ethics: Six principals serve as a basis for the ethical evaluation of
    professional conduct and form the underlying moral basis for the code of ethics. Individuals subscribing to this code shall observe these principals as affirmative obligations under all conditions of professional activity. (Individuals refers to all members of the Montana Speech-Language Hearing Association).
  2. Ethical Proscriptions: Ethical Proscriptions are formal statements of prohibitions that are derived from the principals of Ethics.
  3. Matters of Professional Propriety: Matters of Professional Propriety represent guidelines of conduct designed to promote the public interest and thereby better inform the public and particularly the persons in need of speech-language pathology and audiology servises as to the availability and the rules regarding the delivery of those services.

Principle of Ethics I

Individuals shall hold paramount the welfare of persons served professionally.

  1. Individuals shall use every resource available, including referral to other specialists as needed, to provide the best service possible.
  2. Individuals shall fully inform persons served of the nature and possible effect$ of the services.
  3. Individuals shall fully inform subjects participating in research or teaching activities of the nature and possible effects of these activities.
  4. Individual’s fees shall be commensurate with services rendered.
  5. Individuals shall provide appropriate access to records of persons served professionally.
  6. Individuals shall take all reasonable precautions to avoid injuring persons in the delivery of professional services.
  7. Individuals shall evaluate services rendered to determine effectiveness.
  8. Individuals shall not discriminate in the delivery of professional services on the basis of race or ethnicity, gender, gender identification, age, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation or disability.

Ethical Proscriptions:

  1. Individuals must not exploit persons in the delivery of professional services, including accepting persons for treatment when benefit cannot reasonably be expected or continuing treatment unnecessarily.
  2. Individuals must not guarantee the results of any therapeutic procedures directly or by implication. A reasonable statement of prognosis may be made, but caution must be exercised not to mislead persons served professionally to expect results that cannot be predicted from sound evidence.
  3. Individuals must not use persons for teaching or research in a manner that constitutes invasion of privacy or fails to afford informed free choice to participate.
  4. Individuals must not evaluate or treat speech, language or hearing disorders except in a professional relationship. They must not evaluate or treat solely by correspondence. This does not preclude follow-up correspondence with persons seen, nor providing them with general information of an educational nature.
  5. Individuals must not reveal to unauthorized persons any professional or personal information obtained from the person served professionally, unless required by law or unless necessary to protect the welfare of the person or the community.
  6. Individuals must not discriminate in the delivery of professional services on any basis that is unjustifiable or irrelevant to the need for the potential benefit from such services as race, ethnicity, gender, gender identification, age, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation or disability.
  7. Individuals must not charge for services not rendered.

Principles of Ethics II

Individuals shall maintain high standards of professional competence.

  1. Individuals engaging in clinical practice or supervision thereof shall hold the appropriate license for the area(s) in which they are providing or supervising professional services.
  2. Individuals shall continue their professional development throughout their careers.
  3. Individuals shall identify competent, dependable referral sources for persons served professionally.
  4. Individuals shall maintain adequate records of professional services rendered.

Ethical Proscriptions

  1. Individuals must neither provide services nor supervision of services for which they have not been properly prepared nor permit services to be provided by any of their staff who are not properly prepared.
  2. Individuals must not provide clinical services by prescription of anyone who does not hold the appropriate license.
  3. Individuals must not delegate any service requiring the professional competence of a certified clinician to anyone unqualified.
  4. Individuals must not offer clinical services by supportive personnel for whom they do not provide appropriate supervision and assume full responsibility.
  5. Individuals must not require anyone under their supervision to engage in any practice that is a violation of the Code of Ethics.

Principle of Ethics III

Individuals’ statements to persons served professionally and to the public shall provide accurate information about the nature and management of communicative disorders, and about the professional and services rendered by its practitioners.
Ethical Proscriptions:

    1. Individuals must not misrepresent their training or competence.
    2. Individuals’ public statements providing information about professional services and products must not contain representations or claims that are false, deceptive or misleading.
    3. Individuals must not use professional or commercial affiliations in any way that would mislead or limit services to persons served professionally.

Matters of Professional Propriety:

      1. Individuals should announce services in a manner consistent with highest professional standards in the community.

Principle of Ethics IV

Individuals shall maintain objectivity in all matters concerning the welfare of persons served professionally.
Individuals who dispense products to persons served professionally shall observe the following standards.

      1. Products associated with professional practice must be dispensed to the person served as a part of a program of comprehensive rehabilitative care.
      2. Fees established for professional services must be independent of whether product is dispensed.
      3. Persons must be provided freedom of choice for the source of services and products.
      4. Price information about professional services rendered and products dispensed must be disclosed by providing to or posting for persons served a complete schedule of fees and charges in advance of rendering services, which schedule differentiates between fees for professional services and charges for products dispensed.
      5. Products dispensed to the person served must be evaluated to determine effectiveness.

Ethical Proscriptions

      1. Individuals must not participate in activities that constitute a conflict of professional interest.

Matters of Professional Propriety

      1. Individuals should not accept compensation for supervision or sponsorship from the clinical fellow being supervised or sponsored beyond reasonable reimbursement for direct services.
      2. Individuals should present products they have developed to their colleagues in a manner consistent with highest professional standards.

Principle of Ethics V

Individuals shall honor their responsibilities to the public, their profession, and their relationships with colleagues and members of allied professions.
Matters of Professional Propriety

      1. Individuals should seek to provide and expand services to persons with speech, language and hearing handicaps as well as to assist in establishing high professional standards for such programs.
      2. Individuals should educate the public about speech, language and hearing processes, speech, language, and hearing problems, and matters related to professional competence.
      3. Individuals should strive to increase knowledge within the profession and share research with colleagues.
      4. Individuals should establish harmonious relationships with colleagues and members of other professions, and endeavor to inform members o related professions of services provided by speech-language pathologists and audiologists, as well as seek information from them.
      5. Individuals should assign credit to those who have contributed to a publication in proportion to their contribution.
      6. Individuals shall not discriminate in their relationships with colleagues, students, and members of allied professions on the basis of race or ethnicity, gender, gender identification, age, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation or disability.

Principle of Ethics VI

Individuals shall uphold the dignity of the profession and freely accept the profession’s self-imposed standards.

      1. Individuals shall inform the Ethical Practice Board when they have reason to believe that a member or certificate holder may have violated the Code of Ethics.
      2. Individuals shall cooperate fully with the Ethical Practice Board concerning matters of professional conduct related to the Code of Ethics.

Ethical Proscriptions

      1. Individuals shall not engage in violations of the Principle of Ethics or in any attempt to circumvent any of them.
      2. Individuals shall not engage in dishonesty, fraud, deceit, misrepresentation, or other forms of illegal conduct that adversely reflect on the profession or the individual’s fitness for membership in the profession.

See ASHA’s Code of Ethics here:

Board Minutes