MSHA members in action.

MSHA Board

About MSHA

MSHA was founded in 1957 and incorporated as a non-profit organization in 1987. It is a member owned and managed volunteer organization with an Executive Board, nine Standing Committees and 11 Ad Hoc Committees.

Our mission is to provide educational and networking opportunities for our members; advocate for those with communication disabilities and the issues related to our professions; and educate the public about communication disorders.

We are striving to be the leading resource for professional and consumer around issues of communication and communication disabilities in Montana.

For licensure questions please contact Lucy Richards at the state licensure board, 406-841-2394.

Information from the government of Montana on Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists.

Meet the MSHA Board

Lezlie Pearce-Hopper, President

Lezlie grew up in Great Falls, MT. She attended Montana State for two years and then moved to Portland, OR to complete her undergrad and graduate degrees.  Lezlie has worked in many settings over her 38 years of professional life in three states.  She is currently licensed in Montana and Oregon. Work settings included: hospitals, early intervention, clinics, schools, rehab facilities, university graduate programs, university clinics, contract services and private practice. Lezlie retired from the University of Oregon CDS program in 2015 following 7 years as a Clinical Instructor and Supervisor.
Lezlie served in all positions of OSHA’s board (Secretary, Public Relations Chair, 2nd Vice President (Conference Coordinator of two yearly conferences), Newsletter Editor and President in 1994 and 2001. She served on the OR Licensing Board for nine years, and ASHA Legislative counsel for 7 years. Lezlie worked to pass legislation for continuing education and speech/language pathology assistants in OR and participated in the writing of rules and regulations for the OR Licensing Board following passage of the legislation. She also served as Time and Place Chair and Secretary for the Council of State Association Presidents (CSAP).
Lezlie also volunteered in her communities as Junior League President in Eugene, Booster Fund Raiser and Classroom volunteer, Coordinator of Children’s Miracle Network High School Pageants, 25 years as Team Manager and Appraiser for Odyssey of the Mind and Destination Imagination Creative Problem Solving, Neighborhood Watch Chair and as a member of the Arts Umbrella Board in Eugene.  Lezlie has taught piano for 35 years and enjoys fly fishing and time at their cabin on the Smith River in Montana.
Lezlie and her husband, Warren, returned to Montana full time during the summer of 2015. Their son and daughter live out of state and each hold law and additional degrees. Lezlie’s parents are still in their home in Great Falls which she visits frequently and she is resuming part time private practice this fall.

Kathleen DeLapp-Cohn, President-Elect

Kathleen finally made her way to God’s country in the Fall of 2010!  Prior to moving to Montana, Kathleen worked and lived in Texas and Oklahoma, and had the opportunity to gain vast experiences in a variety of settings including hospitals, brain injury rehab centers, home health, SNFs, private practice, schools, and even treating adolescents in a juvenile detention center.  Shortly after moving to Montana, Kathleen joined St. Vincent Healthcare as the lead Speech-Language Pathologist in the Headway Program and later per diem with St. John’s Lutheran Ministries. This past year, she decreased her work status to per diem status at both settings to focus on her private practice treating adults and adolescents with neurogenic and voice disorders via telepractice.  Kathleen is the proud mother of two Montana Grizzlies, one Texas Longhorn, and one still at home! She enjoys biking, hiking and exploring Montana with her family and all it has to offer!

Catherine Drescher, Past-President

Catherine Drescher, Au.D. graduated from the University of Louisville with her doctorate in 2004. She spent the next eight years in Alabama working in various settings including small ENT practices, a speech and hearing clinic and a large teaching hospital. Catherine relocated to Montana in December of 2012 and assumed the role of Director of Hearing and Balance for Rocky Mountain ENT. Her specialties include the evaluation and treatment of tinnitus, cochlear implants and diagnostics.

Sharlene Schmidt, Treasurer

Sharlene Schmidt has been a member of MSHA since she arrived in Montana in June 1999.  She loves being an audiologist in this rural area working with a variety of clients in and out of the office.  She works part-time as an audiologist so she can still find time to enjoy the pleasures of raising her three kids and spending time with her husband.  She is a strong believer in giving back to organizations that make a difference and so she is also on the local hockey board in Glasgow.  In her spare time she loves reading, watching movies, scrapbooking, playing racquetball, hockey, bowling and kayaking.  This is her sixth year as treasurer on this board.


Shelby Midboe, Secretary

Shelby Midboe is a 2013 graduate of the CSD program of The University of Montana, a member of the self-named the “BCE” (Best Cohort Ever).  She is in her fourth year as the SLP at Target Range School District in Missoula, and works PRN for Innovative Rehabilitation in SNFs in the summer. She is glad to have the opportunity to practice with clients across the lifespan. She is currently the chair of the MSHA Scholarship committee, and is a member of a group of school SLPs who are writing OPI guidelines for school speech therapists.  In her “spare time,” she can be seen on deck coaching swimming for the Missoula YMCA swim team, or taking portraits, a professional hobby. She enjoys river recreation, camping, and cross country skiing as often as possible. She is married and has a son who is a freshman in high school, and a daughter who is a freshman at the University of Montana.

Emily Stafslien, Speech Language Pathology Member at Large

Emily Stafslien is a graduate of the University of Wiconsin-Madison and started her career working in a sub-acute brain injury center in Juneau, WI. After marrying her husband, she moved to Montana in 2014. Currently, she is living in Lewistown. She works as a speech language pathologist at a variety of schools in Central Montana with the Central Montana Learning Resource Center Cooperative (CMLRCC) and per diem with Central Montana Medical Center (CMMC).This year she has started using Telepractice with students in outlying districts as well as assisting with the website and Facebook for MSHA. Montana has created many opportunities for her to continue her love of learning as she was trained in assessments for Autism with the ADOS-2 as well as treatments with Aquatic-Based Speech Therapy, PECS, Zones of Regulation, and many more.  Since moving to Montana, she has supervised students from the University of Montana CSD Master’s program as well as mentor new SLPs during their Clinical Fellowship Year. She enjoys exploring the great outdoors by running on country roads, hiking in the mountains, and fishing on Fort Peck with her husband and dog, Maggie.

Kristy Foss, Audiology Member at Large

Kristy Foss has been an audiologist at Billings Clinic (in Billings) for nearly 30 years. She graduated from the “original” CSD program at the University of Montana and, other than a short stint in Nebraska, has lived and worked in Montana since then. Hearing aids are Kristy’s greatest interest in this field. Helping families coordinate care for their hearing impaired child is also a strong interest. Outside of work Kristy likes to spend time with her family and her hard of hearing chocolate lab Scooby. Kristy has served on the MSHA board in the past and is happy to be a member once again. MSHA provides an excellent opportunity to keep track of old friends and make new ones – the networking is awesome!

Julie Wolter, U of M CSD Department Chair

Julie A. Wolter, PhD, CCC-SLP is the Department Chair and Professor in the
Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders (CSD) at the University of
Montana (UM) where she also directs the Language Literacy Essentials in
Academic Development (LLEAD) Lab. Dr. Wolter is originally from Billings and left
Montana more than 20 years ago to study at Western Washington University to
become a speech-language pathologist (SLP) -as there was no Montana training
program at the time. Dr. Wolter practiced as an SLP in the schools and hospitals in the Northwest before returning to school to complete her PhD in Kansas. Upon completion of her PhD, she served for 10 years on faculty, including service as Chair of the SLP Division, in the Department of Communicative Disorders and Deaf Education at Utah State University. She returned to Montana in 2015, to lead and collaborate with the re-established CSD Department at UM. Dr. Wolter is committed to addressing the critical SLP shortage needs of the state and has a successful track record of increasing rural student graduate training access. She recently was funded by the Montana Office of Public
Instruction and the United States Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Program to fund UM-
OUTREACH which funds SLP graduate training and clinical service distance broadcast opportunities for students
in rural areas including that of American Indians in Montana tribal regions. Dr. Wolter is an internationally recognized researcher who studies how specific language skills affect literacy success in children with and without language literacy disorders. Dr. Wolter served as Associate Editor for the journals of American Journal of Speech, Language Pathology and Topics of Language Disorders. She has authored multiple clinical and research
papers, presented at state, national, and international levels, and has published in a variety of venues such as
peer-reviewed journals and edited books. Dr. Wolter’s current research is supported through the National of
Health where she is studying how to help assess and treat school-age children with language impairment who
also struggle with reading and writing disorders such as dyslexia.

Carlee Johnson, CSD Student Representative

My name is Carlee Johnson, and I am a junior in the Communicative Sciences and Disorders program at the University of Montana. I am from Butte, MT, and I developed a love for Speech Pathology when I volunteered at a local clinic in high school. I function as the MSHA representative from UM, and I am also the treasurer of the local Operation Smile chapter. I enjoy being involved with with the CSD department, and my favorite class this semester is MOSAIC (Mentoring, Organization, and Social Support for Autism Inclusion on Campus).

Jessica Reynolds, Political Action Chair 

Jessica Reynolds is a school-based SLP currently practicing in her home town of Helena, MT. She graduated from The University of Montana in 2007 with a B.A. in Political Science and received a M.A. in Communication Studies from Texas Tech University in 2010. After leaving  politics, Jessica completed post-baccalaureate studies in Communicative Sciences and Disorders in 2012. She received a M.S. in Speech Language Pathology from the University of Montana in 2014. Since then, Jessica has worked for Helena School District. She has served as the MSHA Political Action chair since 2014 and is Currently representing Montana SLPs on the ASHA Advisory Council.



Original adoption: February 2, 1957
Amendments added: May 12, 1962; January 1, 1973; December 15, 1976; April 15, 1978; April 6, 1979; May 31, 1979; January 3, 1981; May 9, 1983; December 30, 1983; April 15, 1987; January 28, 1989; January 30, 1991; February 3, 1994; April 5, 1997; April 12, 2002; October 16, 2009; October 21, 2011


The name of this organization shall be the Montana Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Inc. The logo of this organization shall be MSHA.


Section 1. Professional and Public Relations

  1. To encourage the development of speech, language and audiology services in Montana.
  2. To stimulate the exchange of professional ideas and information among persons in the areas of communication disorders.
  3. To increase professional cooperation with other specialized education and allied health professionals.
  4. To encourage basic scientific study of the process of communication and promote investigation and prevention of communication disorders.
  5. To inform the public of the speech, language and audiology services available in this state.

Section 2. Standards

  1. To encourage high standards of professional practice in communicative disorders in Montana.
  2. To make membership in the Montana Speech-Language-Hearing Association a means of professional growth.


Section 1. Class of Membership

  1. Active Members–All persons who hold a Graduate Degree from an accredited institution and are eligible for full licensure in Montana. Degrees from accredited institutions are defined as those awarded by post-secondary educational institutions that are accredited by regional accrediting agencies recognized by the United States Department of Education or the Council on Post-Secondary Accreditation. Active members shall have full membership privileges, responsibilities and the right to vote.
  2. Associate Members–All persons, except students, not eligible for Active memberships who have an interest in the purposes and works of MSHA. Associate members have all of the rights of Active members except they shall not be privileged to vote or hold office.
  3. Student Members–All persons who are not eligible for Active membership who are enrolled in an undergraduate or graduate program in Speech-Language pathology, audiology or tangential areas in an accredited college or university. Student members shall have all of the rights of Active members except they shall not be privileged to vote or hold office.
  4. Life Members– Persons who have been Active members of MSHA in good standing for the past 10 years and who have retired may become Life members provided they have reached the age of 55 or have retired due to health considerations. Life Members returning to active practice will retain Life Membership, but will pay dues equivalent to Active Member dues until retirement resumes. Life members may vote and hold office.

Section 2. Requirements

  1. The requirements to be eligible for active membership shall be the holding of
    1. a graduate degree with major emphasis in speech-language pathology, audiology or speech-language-hearing science or
    2. a master’s degree and present evidence of active research, interest and performance in the field of human communication.
  2. The requirements for election as a member may be waived in special individual instances by recommendation of the Membership Committee and a majority vote of the Board of Directors.

Section 3. Standards

  1. To abide by the Montana Speech-Language-Hearing Association Code of Ethics.

Section 4. Termination [Suspension] of Membership and Privileges

  1. Any member whose dues are not current will lose voting privileges and will be dropped from the rolls.
  2. Any member who violates the Code of Ethics of the Association may have their membership in MSHA suspended upon recommendation by the Ethical Practices Committee (see Ethical Practice Committee Statement of Practices and Procedures). Persons who have thus had their membership suspended may be reactivated after one year upon recommendation of the Ethical Practices Committee.


Section 1. Amount

  1. Amount for each membership category will be established on recommendation of Board of Directors and by majority of those members voting.

Section 2. Payment

  1. Payment shall be made to the Montana Speech-Language-Hearing Association [prior to deadline set by board].
  2. A late fee will be assessed for payment received after the deadline.

Section 3. Membership Year

  1. The membership year shall be January 1 to December 31.


Section 1. Board of Directors

  1. The Board of Directors are the elected officers of the Corporation, including two elected members at large; one being the current President of the Montana Audiology Guild, an appointed student representative, and the Administrative Assistant. The student representative and Administrative Assistant will be non-voting members.

Section 2. Officers

  1. The officers of the Association shall consist of President, President-Elect, Past President, Secretary and Treasurer, elected by the Association set forth in Article VI, Section 2.
  2. Members must have completed one full calendar year of active membership prior to the beginning of the term to which they are being nominated.

Section 3. Duties

  1. Board of Directors
    1. The Board of Directors is the management body and shall direct the affairs of the Association and actively promote the objectives of the Association operating in accordance with the By-Laws and policies established by the membership.
    2. To formulate and propose changes in policies for consideration by members of the Association.
    3. To plan the agenda for business meetings.
    4. To act for the Association when a meeting of members is impractical providing that at the next regular business meeting such acts or commitments shall be revocable by a majority of the members.
    5. To appoint members to fill vacancies that may occur in the offices of President-Elect, Secretary, Treasurer, or At-Large members to serve until a replacement is duly elected.
    6. To appoint a member to fulfill the duties of the Past-President in the event of his/her incapacity or resignation.
    7. To appoint a student member to act as Student Representative.
    8. To authorize expenditure of funds.
    9. To meet at least once a year at the annual membership meeting and to hold additional meetings at the discretion of the board.
  2. President: The duties of the President shall be:
    1. Executive Board Meeting
      1. Arrange for Board of Directors meeting
      2. Develop agenda for Board of Director’s meeting.
      3. Send agenda draft to each Board member for review and additions/modifications in a timely fashion prior to the Board Meeting.
      4. Contact other pertinent members (i.e. convention program and site, Administrative Assistant) for additional items.
      5. Preside over Board of Directors’ meeting.
    2. Annual Business Meeting
      1. Establish date and time for Board of Directors’ meeting.
      2. Review minutes of previous year’s business meeting.
      3. Contact Board members and other pertinent individuals listed above regarding agenda items.
      4. Request in Fall Communicator for agenda items.
      5. Preside over Annual Business meeting.
    3. Represent MSHA
      1. Represent MSHA in writing or in person (or designate appropriate person) in matters that affect the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology professionals and profession at the local, state or national level.
    4. Newsletter
      1. Submit “Message from the President” for each Communicator. Send all appropriate communication to the Administrative Assistant for publication in the Communicator.
    5. Standing Committees
      1. Oversee Convention Program, Convention Site, and Summer Institute Committees.
      2. Disseminate all applicable information to these committee chairs following all Board of Directors’ meetings.
      3. Maintain pertinent correspondence regarding Convention and pass on to the upcoming President.
    6. Other Duties
      1. Contact the Licensure Board for names of members whose terms will expire Dec. 31. Notify membership of upcoming vacancies and the process for submitting application to the office of the Governor for appointment to the Board.
  3. President-Elect: The duties of the President-elect shall be:
    1. Standing and Ad Hoc Committees
      1. Oversee all Standing and Ad Hoc committees except Convention Program, Site and Summer Institute committees.
      2. Request Committee reports prior to Board meetings.
    2. Serve on convention site and program committees to serve as a bridge between committees and board.
    3. Other Duties
      1. Audit the Treasurer’s books from the previous fiscal year, review accountant reports.
      2. Represent MSHA at official functions in the President’s absence.
      3. Fulfill the duties of the President in the event of his/her incapacity or resignation.
  4. Past-President: The duties of the Past-President shall be:
    1. Chair Nominations Committee
      1. Submit call for nominations for elections for Board positions in the Summer and Fall Communicators.
      2. Conduct the election of Board members at the Association’s Annual Business Meeting.
    2. Other Duties
      1. Serve as bridging agent between the past and present Board of Directors (i.e., explain past policies and the rationale for decisions).
      2. Review and coordinate revision of the By-laws of the Association, as necessary, with approval of the Board.
      3. Serve as Liaison between the University Programs and the Association in conjunction with the Student Representative.
  5. Secretary: The duties of the Secretary shall be:
    1. Board of Directors’ Minutes
      1. Ensure that accurate records are kept of all MSHA business meetings. Minutes of the meeting should be prepared promptly (within one month) and reflect date and time of the meeting, members present, matters discussed, resolutions adopted, document the vote], and time meeting adjourned.
      2. The minutes are to be approved at the next meeting.
    2. Chair Membership and Publications committee
      1. Oversee Administrative Assistant’s maintenance of an accurate account of the membership including member’s names, addresses, and date that dues were received.
  6. Treasurer: The duties of the Treasurer shall be:
    1. Maintain accurate financial records.
      1. Balance books.
      2. Write all MSHA checks record income and expenses].
      3. Prepare budget reports/projections for the Board of Directors meetings.
      4. Report status of the budget to the membership at the Annual Business meeting.
      5. Submit accounts to an outside agency (certified public accountant) for annual audit and submit the report to the Board.
  7. At Large Member (MAG President)
    1. Chair Ethics Committee
      1. Select two additional members to serve on the committee, including past president.
      2. Review and act on all reported violations of the MSHA Code of Ethics.
  8. At Large Member
    1. Chair Honors Committee
      1. Select additional MSHA members to serve on the committee, including President-elect.
      2. Review all nominations for MSHA Awards, to be presented at the Associations Annual Business Meeting, with the committee and approve/disapprove recipients.
      3. Submit call for nominations for MSHA Awards in spring Communicator.
      4. Submit call for nominations for ASHA Awards to Communicator according to ASHA s published deadlines.
  9. Student Representative
    1. Represent student interests and concerns and serve a bridging agent between MSHA and University students in Speech Language Pathology or Audiology programs.


Section 1. Terms of Office

  1. President: One year
  2. President-Elect: One year (at the expiration of his/her term as President-Elect, he/she becomes President)
  3. Past-President: One Year
  4. Secretary: Two years (to be elected in alternate year from Treasurer)
  5. Treasurer: Two years (to be elected in alternate year from Secretary)
  6. At Large Members: One Year
  7. Student Representative: One Year

Section 2. Elections

  1. The nominations committee shall solicit nominations from the membership for each available MSHA office and each expiring Board position. Each nominee must agree to serve if elected and must meet eligibility requirements. The slate shall be submitted to the membership at the Fall meeting. Biographical and professional data shall be provided for each candidate.
  2. Nominees will be presented at the annual meeting of the Association. (Nominations from the floor will be accepted with the consent of the nominee. Nominees from the floor and/or person nominating will provide biographical and professional data for the nominees.) Elections will take place at the annual meeting of the Association. To be elected, a candidate must receive a simple plurality vote of the Active members voting or be elected by acclamation following a motion from the floor.
  3. In case of a tie, the names of the two persons receiving the highest number of votes will be resubmitted to the membership for a second vote.
  4. Officer terms run according to the calendar year. From date of election to the start of their term, officers shall function as officer-elect.
  5. In the event of incapacity or resignation of the President-Elect, Secretary, or Treasurer, new elections will be held and the slate will be drawn by the Board of Directors.
  6. If there is no quorum at the annual business meeting to verify the elections, the board shall appoint those officers to fill the vacant position(s) prior to the transition board meeting in January to serve until duly elected.


Section 1. The Committees of the Association will be:

  1. Convention Program Committee
  2. Political Action Committee
  3. Membership and Publications Committee
  4. Honors Committee
  5. Continuing Education Committee
  6. Ethical Practices Committee
  7. Public Relations Committee
  8. Nominations Committee
  9. Licensure Committee
  10. Ad Hoc Committee(s)

Section 2. Committee Appointments

  1. Convention Program Committee
    1. This committee shall be co-chaired by two MSHA members selected by the Board of Directors. The term of each co-chair shall be two years.
  2. Political Action Committee
    1. This committee shall consist of at least one speech/language pathologist and one audiologist appointed by the President. The term shall be four years. During the last year of a member’s term, a new committee member will be chosen and oriented by existing members.
  3. Membership and Publications Committee
    1. This committee shall consist of Area representatives and the Administrative Assistant with the Secretary as chair.
  4. Honors Committee
    1. The committee shall consist of members with the At Large member as chair.
  5. Continuing Education Committee
    1. This committee shall consist of members with a chair appointed by the President.
  6. Ethical Practices Committee
    1. This committee shall consist of members with the MAG President as chair.
  7. Public Relations Committee
    1. This committee shall consist of members with the chair appointed by the President.
  8. Nominations Committee
    1. This committee shall consist of members with the Past President as chair.
  9. Licensure Committee
    1. This committee shall consist of members with a member of the SLP/A licensure board as chair
  10. Ad Hoc Committees
    1. An Ad Hoc committee shall consist of members with a chair appointed by the Board of Directors.

Section 4. Duties of Committees

  1. Convention Program Committee
    1. To plan a program for the annual Fall Convention.
  2. Political Action Committee
    1. To study and evaluate all regulations, legislation, and recommendations which might affect the speech and hearing profession or program and to help prepare and support such regulations and recommendations as will be beneficial to the profession.
    2. Secure the services of a Lobbyist with Board approval and act as liaison between the Lobbyist and the Board of Directors.
  3. Membership and Publications Committee
    1. In conjunction with Administrative Assistant, process all applications for membership and exercise general supervision over matters related to membership, subject to reversal if necessary by majority vote of the Executive Committee.
    2. To compile, edit and distribute the MSHA Communicator and MSHA Directory and other assigned official publications, in conjunction with Administrative Assistant
  4. Honors Committee
    1. To receive and review recommendations for and to select persons to receive the honors of the Association.
    2. Confer MSHA Awards to recipients at MSHA Annual Business luncheon.
  5. Continuing Education Committee
    1. To administer MSHA’s sponsorship of Continuing Education programs in conjunction with Administrative Assistant.
  6. Ethical Practices Committee
    1. To present future amendments to the Code of Ethics to membership for majority approval by written ballot.
    2. To process alleged violations of the Code of Ethics according to the Ethical Practice Committee Statement of Practices and Procedures.
    3. To publish the Code of Ethics along with procedures for processing alleged violations in the Directory of Montana Speech Pathologists and Audiologists.
  7. Public Relations Committee
    1. To raise public awareness of the profession by promoting speech/language pathologists as the field experts in the areas of communication disorders.
    2. To develop and disseminate information about communication problems to the public and other professional organizations through activities such as Better Speech and Hearing Month, professional brochures, etc.
  8. Nominations Committee
    1. To solicit nominations from the membership for each available MSHA office and each expiring Board membership.
      1. At least one nomination for each opening shall be presented.
      2. The name/s of members agreeing to run for office shall be included on the slate of nominees.
      3. Nomination will be accepted from the floor.
  9. Licensure Committee
    1. To serve as liaison between the Speech Language Pathology and Audiology licensure board and membership of the Association.
  10. Ad Hoc Committee(s)
    1. The need and purpose for Ad Hoc committees will be determined by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors will draw up the specific goals and responsibilities of the committee(s). These goals will be published in the Policy and Procedures manual. Ad Hoc committees will be considered dissolved at the discretion of the Board of Directors.
  11. General Duties of the Committees
    1. It shall be the duty of each committee chair to prepare a short written report of the work of the committee at the close of the term of office and to submit it to the Board of Directors, which shall make it available to the next committee chair.
    2. A handbook of correspondence and deliberations of the committee shall be given to the newly-appointed committee chair. It should provide background and documentation for the use of the new committee members.


Special interest groups may be set up as a part of the Montana Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Inc. by making a written petition to the Board of Directors for approval. The petition should contain specific reasons for requesting to establish the SIG group and the goals that the group wishes to attain.


On all matters of procedure not specifically indicated in these by-laws, the official authority shall be Robert’s Rules of Order, revised, latest edition.


Amendments to these by-laws may be initiated by the Board of Directors or in a written proposal signed by any ten members of the Association. Such proposed amendments shall be discussed at a general meeting prior to voting by mail. Proposed amendments to the by-laws of the Association must be submitted to the membership by mail a minimum of four weeks prior to voting on the proposed amendment. Voting on amendments shall be by mail. Proposed amendments shall be passed by a majority of those voting.


Section 1. Number

  1. At least one Corporation meeting shall be held each year to conduct the business of the Association and other activities as may be appropriate to the purpose of this Corporation. All members shall be notified of this meeting.

Section 2. Quorum

  1. Quorum shall consist of one-third of the active membership.


Upon dissolution of the Montana Speech-Hearing-Language Association, Inc. the Board of Directors shall, after paying or making provisions for the payment of all the liabilities of the organization, dispose of the assets of the organization in such manner, or to such organization or organizations organized and operated exclusively for charitable, educational, or scientific purposes as shall at the time qualify as an exempt organization or organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 (or the corresponding provision of any future United States Internal Revenue Law) as the Board of Directors shall determine.


The Montana Speech-language-Hearing Association shall not discriminate on the basis of race or ethnicity, gender, age, religion, national origin, sexual orientation or disability. All programs and activities of the Association shall be conducted in furtherance of this policy.

Code of Ethics


Adopted January 28, 1989
Amended April 12,2002

Preamble: The preservation of the highest standards of integrity and ethical principles is vital to the successful discharge of the professional responsibilities of all speech-language pathologists and audiologists. This Code of Ethics has been promulgated by the Association in an effort to stress the fundamental rules considered essential to this basic purpose. Any action that is in violation of the spirit and purpose of this Code shall be considered unethical. Failure specify any particular responsibility or practice in this Code of Ethics should not be construed as denial of the existence of other responsibilities or practices.  The fundamental rules of ethical conduct are described in three categories: Principles of Ethics, Ethical proscriptions, Matters of Professional Propriety.

  1. Principals of Ethics: Six principals serve as a basis for the ethical evaluation of
    professional conduct and form the underlying moral basis for the code of ethics. Individuals subscribing to this code shall observe these principals as affirmative obligations under all conditions of professional activity. (Individuals refers to all members of the Montana Speech-Language Hearing Association).
  2. Ethical Proscriptions: Ethical Proscriptions are formal statements of prohibitions that are derived from the principals of Ethics.
  3. Matters of Professional Propriety: Matters of Professional Propriety represent guidelines of conduct designed to promote the public interest and thereby better inform the public and particularly the persons in need of speech-language pathology and audiology servises as to the availability and the rules regarding the delivery of those services.

Principle of Ethics I

Individuals shall hold paramount the welfare of persons served professionally.

  1. Individuals shall use every resource available, including referral to other specialists as needed, to provide the best service possible.
  2. Individuals shall fully inform persons served of the nature and possible effect$ of the services.
  3. Individuals shall fully inform subjects participating in research or teaching activities of the nature and possible effects of these activities.
  4. Individual’s fees shall be commensurate with services rendered.
  5. Individuals shall provide appropriate access to records of persons served professionally.
  6. Individuals shall take all reasonable precautions to avoid injuring persons in the delivery of professional services.
  7. Individuals shall evaluate services rendered to determine effectiveness.
  8. Individuals shall not discriminate in the delivery of professional services on the basis of race or ethnicity, gender, gender identification, age, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation or disability.

Ethical Proscriptions:

  1. Individuals must not exploit persons in the delivery of professional services, including accepting persons for treatment when benefit cannot reasonably be expected or continuing treatment unnecessarily.
  2. Individuals must not guarantee the results of any therapeutic procedures directly or by implication. A reasonable statement of prognosis may be made, but caution must be exercised not to mislead persons served professionally to expect results that cannot be predicted from sound evidence.
  3. Individuals must not use persons for teaching or research in a manner that constitutes invasion of privacy or fails to afford informed free choice to participate.
  4. Individuals must not evaluate or treat speech, language or hearing disorders except in a professional relationship. They must not evaluate or treat solely by correspondence. This does not preclude follow-up correspondence with persons seen, nor providing them with general information of an educational nature.
  5. Individuals must not reveal to unauthorized persons any professional or personal information obtained from the person served professionally, unless required by law or unless necessary to protect the welfare of the person or the community.
  6. Individuals must not discriminate in the delivery of professional services on any basis that is unjustifiable or irrelevant to the need for the potential benefit from such services as race, ethnicity, gender, gender identification, age, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation or disability.
  7. Individuals must not charge for services not rendered.

Principles of Ethics II

Individuals shall maintain high standards of professional competence.

  1. Individuals engaging in clinical practice or supervision thereof shall hold the appropriate license for the area(s) in which they are providing or supervising professional services.
  2. Individuals shall continue their professional development throughout their careers.
  3. Individuals shall identify competent, dependable referral sources for persons served professionally.
  4. Individuals shall maintain adequate records of professional services rendered.

Ethical Proscriptions

  1. Individuals must neither provide services nor supervision of services for which they have not been properly prepared nor permit services to be provided by any of their staff who are not properly prepared.
  2. Individuals must not provide clinical services by prescription of anyone who does not hold the appropriate license.
  3. Individuals must not delegate any service requiring the professional competence of a certified clinician to anyone unqualified.
  4. Individuals must not offer clinical services by supportive personnel for whom they do not provide appropriate supervision and assume full responsibility.
  5. Individuals must not require anyone under their supervision to engage in any practice that is a violation of the Code of Ethics.

Principle of Ethics III

Individuals’ statements to persons served professionally and to the public shall provide accurate information about the nature and management of communicative disorders, and about the professional and services rendered by its practitioners.
Ethical Proscriptions:

    1. Individuals must not misrepresent their training or competence.
    2. Individuals’ public statements providing information about professional services and products must not contain representations or claims that are false, deceptive or misleading.
    3. Individuals must not use professional or commercial affiliations in any way that would mislead or limit services to persons served professionally.

Matters of Professional Propriety:

      1. Individuals should announce services in a manner consistent with highest professional standards in the community.

Principle of Ethics IV

Individuals shall maintain objectivity in all matters concerning the welfare of persons served professionally.
Individuals who dispense products to persons served professionally shall observe the following standards.

      1. Products associated with professional practice must be dispensed to the person served as a part of a program of comprehensive rehabilitative care.
      2. Fees established for professional services must be independent of whether product is dispensed.
      3. Persons must be provided freedom of choice for the source of services and products.
      4. Price information about professional services rendered and products dispensed must be disclosed by providing to or posting for persons served a complete schedule of fees and charges in advance of rendering services, which schedule differentiates between fees for professional services and charges for products dispensed.
      5. Products dispensed to the person served must be evaluated to determine effectiveness.

Ethical Proscriptions

      1. Individuals must not participate in activities that constitute a conflict of professional interest.

Matters of Professional Propriety

      1. Individuals should not accept compensation for supervision or sponsorship from the clinical fellow being supervised or sponsored beyond reasonable reimbursement for direct services.
      2. Individuals should present products they have developed to their colleagues in a manner consistent with highest professional standards.

Principle of Ethics V

Individuals shall honor their responsibilities to the public, their profession, and their relationships with colleagues and members of allied professions.
Matters of Professional Propriety

      1. Individuals should seek to provide and expand services to persons with speech, language and hearing handicaps as well as to assist in establishing high professional standards for such programs.
      2. Individuals should educate the public about speech, language and hearing processes, speech, language, and hearing problems, and matters related to professional competence.
      3. Individuals should strive to increase knowledge within the profession and share research with colleagues.
      4. Individuals should establish harmonious relationships with colleagues and members of other professions, and endeavor to inform members o related professions of services provided by speech-language pathologists and audiologists, as well as seek information from them.
      5. Individuals should assign credit to those who have contributed to a publication in proportion to their contribution.
      6. Individuals shall not discriminate in their relationships with colleagues, students, and members of allied professions on the basis of race or ethnicity, gender, gender identification, age, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation or disability.

Principle of Ethics VI

Individuals shall uphold the dignity of the profession and freely accept the profession’s self-imposed standards.

      1. Individuals shall inform the Ethical Practice Board when they have reason to believe that a member or certificate holder may have violated the Code of Ethics.
      2. Individuals shall cooperate fully with the Ethical Practice Board concerning matters of professional conduct related to the Code of Ethics.

Ethical Proscriptions

      1. Individuals shall not engage in violations of the Principle of Ethics or in any attempt to circumvent any of them.
      2. Individuals shall not engage in dishonesty, fraud, deceit, misrepresentation, or other forms of illegal conduct that adversely reflect on the profession or the individual’s fitness for membership in the profession.

See ASHA’s Code of Ethics here:

Board Minutes